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From Security Management to Risk Management – Critical Reflections on Aid Agency Security Management and the ISO Risk Management Guidelines (2011)

The paper discusses the ISO 31000:2009 Risk Management – Principles and Guidelines and argues that due safety and security is not an end in itself but a condition for sustainable access. It is thereby an enabler to an organisation's institutional and operational goals. Secondly, safety and security risk management cannot be reduced to operational (field) measures; it is an institutional responsibility and managerial process.


Can you get sued? - Legal liability of international humanitarian aid organisations towards their staff (2011)

The paper looks at the legal situation in five countries – France, Italy, Great Britain, the United States and Sweden – and concludes that, in each of them, besides their moral and ethical concerns about the wellbeing of their teams of employees, international aid agencies are bound by legal standards and rules on the duty of care and the liability arising from employer/employee relations in their respective States.


Can you get sued in Switzerland? The rights and obligations of Swiss companies and organisations vis-à-vis their travelling and expatriate staff (2012)

This paper deals with the rules on employee protection in Swiss law that apply to employers, especially organisations working in high-risk and dangerous (complex) environments. It forms part of the follow-up to the review entitled “Can you get sued? Legal liability of international humanitarian aid agencies towards their staff”.


Duty of Care: A review of the Dennis v Norwegian Refugee Council ruling and its implications (2016)

This paper reflects on the court case and what lessons can be drawn from the Court’s ruling for the international aid sector. The paper reviews the Court’s legal reasoning and highlights the interrelation between the ruling, the concept of legal duty of care and security risk management. The paper concludes by providing an overview of some of the wider implications this case has for the international aid sector.


Voluntary Guidelines on the Duty of Care to Seconded Civilian Personnel (2017)

The development of these guidelines followed the exchange within the framework of the Duty of Care Roundtable, an annual event organized jointly by the German Center for International Peace Operations (ZIF), the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA), the British Stabilisation Unit (SU) and the Folke Bernadotte Academy (Sweden). The guidelines further received the explicit support of the Crisis Management Centre (Finland), the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation and the OSCE.

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Applying the humanitarian principles: Reflecting on the experience of the International Committee of the Red Cross (2016)

An article specific to the humanitarian operations. It presents a critical discussion of the application of the humanitarian principles of humanity, impartiality, neutrality and independence in operational settings. It describes the history and development of the humanitarian principles, how the strategic choices of the ICRC are informed by these principles, and what the consequences are to act in favour of victims of armed conflicts.


Acceptance under Stress: old recipes for new problems (2021)

Political, ideological or religious radicalism represents a serious problem for humanitarian organizations relying on ‘acceptance’ strategies. This article challenges the dominant discourse on acceptance that tends to propose old recipes for new problems.In some ultra-violent and politically complex contexts in which humanitarians operate, the approach of gaining the acceptance of both the population and the various forces involved has its limits. For the author, it is necessary to rethink the way this work is done and, if necessary, to know how to pass the baton to other actors.

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